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Unformatted text preview: JA 360 Juvenile Justice Examination 3: Study guide Chapter 8: Adjudication of Juveniles Adult Adjudication involves misdemeanors or felonies, judge acts as a neutral person, proceeding is formal, constitutional right to public trial, right to jury trial, grand jury indictment used in some states, and proceeding usually public. Juvenile Adjudication involves delinquency, status offending, and dependency/neglect cases, judge acts as wise parent, proceeding is formal or informal, no const. right to public trial or jury trial, grand jury indictment is not used and proceeding is usually confidential Similarities are the offender does have a constitutional right to due process, right to counsel, right against self-incrimination, right to notice of charges, right to confront and cross-examine witnesses, and evidence illegally obtained by the police is not admissible for adjudication purposes Arraignment is when the juvenile is called into court and informed of the charges and asked how they plea Bench Warrant-a warrant issued by the court for an officer to take a named defendant into custody Plea-response in court to indictment o Not Guilty o Guilty o Nolo Contendere (No Contest) Plea Bargain-arrangement whereby a juvenile pleas guilty to offense in exchange for lower charge, lesser sentence, or other considerations Juveniles do not have a constitutional right to a jury trial o Venire-group of prospective jurors assembled according to procedures established by state law o If tried by a jury, a juvenile is entitled to a jury of peers Challenge for cause-dismissal of a juror for causes specified by law Peremptory challenge-dismissal of a juror for which no reason needs stated Procedures for presenting a case o Opening Statements o Prosecutor presents evidence, witnesses examined Direct examination (by prosecutor) Cross-examination (by defense lawyer) Redirect examination (by prosecutor) Recross-examination (by defense lawyer) o Defense presents case o Closing Arguments...
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- Spring '08