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Lugenbeel -1Krystel LugenbeelSOC 112: Introduction to SociologyJamie NewmanSeptember 23, 2012Prejudice, Discrimination, Ethnocentrism, and Cultural RelativismPrejudice is a belief – usually negative – about a category or subcategory of people basedon gender, ethnicity or religion. It often leads to racism and sexism. Many times commonsocially accepted stereotypes will evolve from prejudice such as “All African-American’s lovewatermelon and fried chicken” or “All gay men have AIDS.” Prejudice also leads todiscrimination.Discrimination is the act of denying an opportunity to someone based on a prejudiceagainst their gender, ethnicity or religion. It should be noted that discrimination is alwaysbecause of prejudice, but prejudice does not always lead to discrimination. Many laws havebeen put into place to counteract discrimination such as the American’s with Disabilities Act andthe Equal Pay Act. Organizations such as the NAACP and ALCU exist to fight discrimination;