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Abnormal Psychology Final Exam

Abnormal Psychology Final Exam - Abnormal Psychology Final...

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Abnormal Psychology Final Exam (200 points) Format: - 50 multiple choice (2 pts each) – 100 pts - 10 true false (2 pts each) – 20 pts - 10 matching (2 pts each) – 20 pts - 6 definition questions (5 pts each) – 30 pts - 3 short answer (10 pts each) - Focus on stuff after midterm - Some from 1st half of semester – comorbidity, reliability … Main Topics: - introducing topic of Abnormal Psych – what is abnormal and how do we determine what is abnormal o - what is abnormal psychology? “the scientific study whose objectives are to describe, explain, predict, and control behaviors that are considered strange or unusual” (page 4) Mental processes too What is abnormal? Most behaviors fall along a continuum, but also depends on situation; however at some point, can say that they are abnormal; the majority of time, we think of abnormal as being bad, but taken at face value, not normal – Michael Jordan’s basketball skills are not normal, but is good; being gifted is abnormal, but in good way; have to shift mindset a bit – even if pt given diagnosis that is bad, sometimes pt likes it – ex. Bi polar pt on mania likes it bc can get a whole lot of work done by not sleeping; not being normal can be a good thing There is no single criteria that makes a person abnormal; there is only stats and frequency where someone is on an extreme of the spectrum, but it doesn’t mean a diagnosis (athletes); however, if person is having hallucinations, most ppl don’t have it, so might need diagnosis; something that violates a social norm might also violate a stat norm (lots of piercings) – however, depends on culture – in some cultures, is acceptable but not in others - risks of labeling people “Stickiness of diagnostic labels” - Others’ perception of patient - quick to say pathological - Treat person differently - context - perception of patients’ circumstances - stigma - Continuum of behavior - overlap between sane and insane - self fulfilling prophecies - Distancing of staff from patients
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- “Invisibleness” of patients - Inventing “knowledge” as mental health professionals - Diagnosis may not provide needed information; may have same diagnosis, but people react differently on both extremes - know anxiety, mood, childhood disorders – be able to describe gen anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder p. 358
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