American Politics 3rd Exam Review Terms

American Politics 3rd Exam Review Terms - Jason Wang and...

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Jason Wang and Sonali Vakharia Fall 2005 American Politics 3 rd Exam Review Terms Foreign Policy Major Actors 1. President – eliminates foreign policy, negotiates treaties, appoints diplomats, most imp. in dominating foreign policy, controls forces; doesn’t act alone 2. Senate – approve treaties, approve appointment of all diplomats, and declares war w/house consent; 3. House: all money bills start in the house and foreign policy needs money; basically controls money; ex. Money bills 4. Secretary of State Department – specializes in foreign policy, involved in routine conduct of foreign policy, how much power Secretary of State has depends on relationship w/pres. 5. Secretary of Defense Department – military policy rivalry b/w state and defense dept.; gets involved w/foreign policy making b/c we project our defense onto other countries and have defense/protection treaties in 50 other countries 6. White House staff – council, close advisors to pres.; National Security advisor; councils to pres. and advises him on foreign policy a. National Security Adv – put in charge of council; Hoover commission proposed: combine old war dept. (army and navy) to one Dept. of defense; joint chief of staff; place all intelligence agencies into one new intelligence agency; crisis management group; Nixon didn’t like large group-Dr. Henry Kissinger=National Security advisor; put in charge so Nixon had to deal w/only one person (very powerful) 7. Intelligence Community – coordinates all intelligence collecting; coordinates all activity made by other agencies; ex. CIA, NDA, FBI… a. Not just CIA – one of a dozen b. Information – has this b/c info is power i. Overt and Covert 8. Private persons – most problematic (ex. Ross Perot, Jesse Jackson); American multinational corporation; a. no control but often action becomes policy - private actions of private ind. that become policy of U.S. Diplomacy – Conduct of foreign policy 1. Formal to informal – it’s in a continuum, treaty becomes law of U.S. – can be prosecuted; only Congress can approve treaties b/c only Congress can make laws a. Treaty – is formal; only Congress can approve treaties; doesn’t start until Congress says go b. Executive Agreements – gentlemen’s agreements b/w 2 countries, force of law; not as formal; goes into affect immediately; stays in law until pres. changes it; doesn’t require prior Congressional approval; pres. head of another country; make agreement then they start carrying it out – could take yrs. for Congress to stop it (goes until Congress says stop) c. Indirect Diplomacy – things countries do to each other to est. mood i. Sports Exch. – to be friendly; Olympics is politics A. State Visit – when pres. goes to another country; country feels special b/c pres. is symbol of our sovereignty; brings spotlight (attention) to that country; Kennedy started – when u make a speech in foreign country, say phrase in that language B. Foreign Aid – type of indirect diplomacy; ex. a gift – in return for gift, we expect
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course POLITICS n/a taught by Professor Joedavis during the Spring '08 term at St. Louis College of Pharmacy.

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American Politics 3rd Exam Review Terms - Jason Wang and...

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