American Politics and Government First Exam Study Terms

American Politics - Jason Wang Fall 2005 American Politics and Government First Exam Study Terms Politics is Power process that regulates conflict

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Jason Wang Fall 2005 American Politics and Government First Exam Study Terms Politics : is Power; process that regulates conflict w/in society Power: the ability to get someone else to do something they wouldn’t otherwise do 1. All human groups: Politics is everywhere 2. Always unevenly divided in groups: always speak of winners and losers 3. Always unevenly distributed between the groups Authority: the right to power; so desirable that it is the original theme of political science 1. Right to power 2. Desired by all 3. Sources a) Brute Force: oldest form, no longer accepted b) Divine Right: the right given by God c) Contract i) Hobbes “Lethiathan” : government is evil; monster 1) State of Nature: disaster; complete w/war, solitary, cruel, nasty and short 2) Cruel/deadly: think of game – cheered when everyone else died 3) Contract to hire king: people come together to give up exactly the same power; with the extra power, they hired a king 4) Protect us from ourselves: hire someone we don’t know (i.e. king) to do this b/c we don’t trust each other; the only thing worse than government is no government ii) John Locke: contract is sovereign; student of Hobbes; came up w/the idea that if people can hire a king, they can also fire him – therefore the king is no longer sovereign; rights were to life, liberty, and property iii) Hierarchy: anything ranked from least to most; Country (state), State (province), city, family iv) Sovereignty: absolute authority, complete control, and external freedom 1) Above all 2) Definite place: physically exists 3) Only one 4) Not king, but contract 5) Led to Declaration of Independence: D.o.I. says king is fired v) Replace King with Constitution: Constitution is our sovereign; U.S. is 1 st country to put sovereign in a piece of paper – Constitution is final; Nation of laws and not men State vs. Nation Nation-state: when all the people of the same nationality live in the same country; nation=group of people w/a common identity; state= a country 1. Multi-national states: Republic of Ireland 2. Multi-state nations: North and South Korea Are states of union (MO) really states? : no 1. Not sovereign 2. Articles of Confederation: 1 st form of U.S. government; didn’t work b/c isn’t sovereign; when each state was sovereign, and they were bound by a confederate government (one that wasn’t sovereign); in Confederation, flow is from local, to state, to central government 3. Unitary State: one sovereign that runs the entire country; one state, one government 4. Federalism: all power in central government 1
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Jason Wang Fall 2005 a) Divide Sovereignty b/w central (enumerated powers) and states (reserved powers): currently in U.S. government, the power is greatly shifted to the central government; enumerated powers granted by Constitution; reserved powers not delegated in Constitution or prohibited to the states b) Implied Powers (elastic clause and growth of central gov’t): based on Article 1, grants Congress
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course POLITICS n/a taught by Professor Joedavis during the Spring '08 term at St. Louis College of Pharmacy.

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American Politics - Jason Wang Fall 2005 American Politics and Government First Exam Study Terms Politics is Power process that regulates conflict

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