American Politics Second Exam Review

American Politics Second Exam Review - Jason Wang Fall 2005...

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Jason Wang Fall 2005 Nationality – belonging to a country Citizen – full participant; highest and most common form of nationality; give and take relationship; relationship b/w state and individual goes both ways; we owe the U.S.A. loyalty, obedience, taxes, U.S.A. owes us protection and rights Subject – partial (one way) relationship with sovereign state; you owe government, government doesn’t owe you; ex. Territories owned by U.S. – ppl r American nationals, but not citizens – they’re subjects of U.S.; ex. Slaves r subjects of U.S. – could be tried and everything, but don’t get rights Denizen – partial relationship w/sovereign state; someone who resides in the state, but has no legal obligation; shows some ppl aren’t capable of being in political process, so govt. looks after them; individual doesn’t owe govt. anything, but the government owes you everything; ex. Native Americans were denizens until 1924 – now there r no denizens in U.S. Alien – any national outside own country, but is still a national; protected by international law (comity) – do unto others as you would have them do unto you; protected by U.S. Constitution as if golden rule, you are a citizen, means you have a country; when you go to another country, you are protected by their Constitution meaning you have their rights and privileges Stateless person – those who have no country when their country is gone (cease to exist), nobody cares about them; us. something happens to their country; almost impossible to lose nationality; for example, if Iraq destroys Kuwait, all people of Kuwait can become Iraqis or become stateless Acquiring Citizenship – birth and naturalization Birth – right to citizenship of country you are born in 1. Jus Soli – law of soil, right to be a citizen of place you were physically born in 2. Jus Sanguini – law of blood, right to be citizen where your parents are born in 3. American citizenship will not recognize multiple citizen; However, in France and other countries allow multiple citizenship. Naturalization – apply for citizenship 1. Individual (who may apply?) – can come in by statutory law (most common), special act in Congress; if it’s important enough, you don’t have to wait as long Statutory Law-Requirements (Quota system) – limited the # of ppl from other countries – blatant racism Special Act of Congress – important enough but don’t have to wait as long 2. No quota system. Everyone is looked at separately to see if the US needs them. Common need: Need to unite a family Use to be a quota system 3. Group (always special act) – ex. When all Hawaiians became citizens 4. Married: Foreign woman immediately became a citizen ( No longer the case) Have to go through process now Losing Citizenship Expatriation – only way to automatically lose citizenship is if you become a citizen of another country; once you give it up, it’s gone forever unless you apply
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course POLITICS n/a taught by Professor Joedavis during the Spring '08 term at STLCOP.

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American Politics Second Exam Review - Jason Wang Fall 2005...

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