Anatomy Exam I - Benchmarks 2. Structural Organization of...

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Benchmarks 2. Structural Organization of Living Things (increasing in complexity) : o Chemical - atoms combine to form molecules o Molecules o Atoms o Compounds o Cellular - cells are made up of molecules o Smooth muscle cell o leukocyte o Osteocyte o Erythrocyte o Tissue Level - tissues consist of similar types of cells Smooth muscle tissue Simple squamous epithelium Loose Irregular Connective Tissue Simple columnar epithelium Organ level - organs are made up of different types of tissues o Blood vessel o Stomach o Small intestine o Kidney o Organ System level - Organ systems consist of different organs that work together closely cardiovascular respiratory digestive reproductive Organism - organisms are made up of many organ systems. 3. Regions of the body : o Cephalon- head o Cranium- skull o Facies- Face o Frons- forehead o Oculus- eye o Auris- ear o Nasus- Nose o Bucca- cheek o Oris- Mouth o Mentis- chin o Cervix- neck o Trunk Thoracis/ thorax- chest Mamma- breast Abdomen Umbilicus- navel Pelvis Inguen- groin Pubis- pubic Dorsum- back Loin- lumbar Gluteus- buttock Upper Limb:
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Acromial- shoulder Brachium- upper arm Axilla- armpit Antecubitus- front of elbow Antebrachium- forearm Carpus- wrist Cubitus- back of elbow Pollex- thumb Palma- palm Manus, digits, phalanges- fingers Lower limb: o Femur- thigh o Patella- kneecap o Crus- shin o Tarsus- ankle o Pes- top of foot o Dorsum- top of foot o Digits phalanges- toes o Hallux- big toe o Ham- back of thigh o Popliteus- back of knee o Sura- calf o Calcaneus- heel o Planta- sole 4. Cavities of the body: Ventral Body cavity - (coelom) o Location of visceral organs of circulation, respiration, digestion, reproduction, excretion. o Split into Thoracic and Abdominopelvic cavities o Thoracic Cavity : Contains the Right and left pleural cavities which contain the right and left lungs Mediastinum which: Separates the two pleural cavities Contains trachea, esophagus, major blood vessels and Pericardial Cavity . Pericardial Cavity - contains heart Abdominopelvic Cavity: o Contains Abdominal and Pelvic Cavities . o Abdominal Cavity Contains Peritoneal Cavity which contains most of the digestive organs and glands Contains Kidneys, Pancreas, and duodenum Pelvic Cavity Contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and parts of digestive tract 5. Membrane - any sheet or partition; a layer consisting of an epithelium and the underlying connective tissue. Function- Physical isolating, regulation of exchange with the environment, sensitivity, structural support Comparison and Contrast: 1. The mucous membrane is made of epithelium that may not consist of squamous epithelium. 1.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course ANATOMY 101 taught by Professor Tranel during the Spring '08 term at St. Louis College of Pharmacy.

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Anatomy Exam I - Benchmarks 2. Structural Organization of...

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