gender selection final copy

gender selection final copy - Jessica Guise 1 The topic of...

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 Jessica Guise 1 The topic of gender selection is a very controversial one. It is hard to take one definite side on this issue because it has so many aspects. Gender selection has both good and bad points. This procedure is starting to become more and more popular, based on a survey that was done by Johns Hopkins University in 2006. Forty-two percent of one hundred thirty-seven in vitro fertilization (IVF) preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) clinics give their patients the right to pick the gender of their child. 1 Advocates for gender selection claim that it will cause a decrease in abortions, help infertile couples have healthy children, and give GLBT the technology to have genetically related children. Those that oppose gender selection do so on the grounds that it takes the role of God, will eventually lead to “designer babies”, and that it will cause a disruption in the natural balance of the sexes. They also feel that it is wrong to create “savior siblings”. Where and how do we draw the line at acceptable and unacceptable? There is a large potential for both good and bad to come from these new technologies. This depends on the laws and statutes that will be set in the near future. Gender is determined by whether the sperm is an X-chromosome or a Y- chromosome. Females have two x-chromosomes and males have one X and one Y chromosome. The human X-chromosome is larger than the Y-chromosome. For gender selection the sperm is first prepared by removing debris, and then it is exposed to a solution of a DNA specific fluorescent dye which causes the sperm to glow fluorescent when exposed to UV rays. Sperm is then sent through a flow
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 Jessica Guise 2 cytometer which uses a laser to make the dye glow. Each of the sperm then pass a detector that pulls out the good sperm and these sperm go through a second detector that does the same thing. Next, they sperm are separated into X and Y chromosomes. Finally, the best two or three sperm for the desired sex are used for in vitro fertilization or intrauterine insemination. 2 In vitro fertilization is the combination of a woman’s egg and a man’s sperm in a petri dish, where fertilization occurs. After fertilization the fertilized eggs are implanted into the woman’s womb. 3 Intrauterine insemination is a technique used in infertile couples. During which washed sperm is inserted via tube directly into the uterus during ovulation. This form is usually used for male infertility such as low sperm count. 4 Those that oppose gender selection do so on many grounds. The greatest argument against gender selection is that allowing parents to choose the gender of their baby will eventually lead to “designer babies”. The term “designer babies” refers to the ability to of selecting which traits, such as hair color, intelligence, or anything one
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gender selection final copy - Jessica Guise 1 The topic of...

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