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Page | 1EIC reforms 1757-1857 and war of independence 18571.Was the work of the Christian missionaries the most important reason why the Indians opposed British attempts towesternise them between 1750 and 1850? Explain your answer. [10] M/J 2015Also Refer to causes mentioned in question 4Christian missionaries came to India to convert the local population as well as to set up schools. In these schools the missionaries taughtChristianity and expected local religions to be given up which was resented by Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs alike. However, there were otherreasons why the Indians opposed the British attempts to westernise them. The replacement of Persian and Sanskrit by English as the officiallanguage in the1830sdeeply upset both the Muslims and Hindus. This had the potential to threaten their languages. A number of socialreforms had been imposed by the British without consultation or care for local feeling which caused much unrest. Indians had to send theirchildren to co-educational schools which was hated since it appeared to impose the British system on the Indians without due regard to theirreligious and cultural feelings. Thomas Macaulay believed that European ideas of education were vastly superior to anything coming out ofIndia and, as a result, the British imposed a system ofeducationthat promoted western values on a people who resented this interference.They were also forced to abandonpurdhawhich had been an Indian custom for centuries. In1795the killing of baby daughters wasdeclared to be murder, but the British found difficulty in enforcing this as it was again a tradition practised in many parts of India. Suttee, theritual burning of Indian women on the funeral pyres of their husbands was also banned by the British, first in Bengal and then in the rest ofthe country. Although the British had been reluctant to get involved in banning this practice, there was little opposition to the outlawing of it.TheIndustrial Revolutionprovided vast wealth ad profit but depended upon the import of raw materials. Raw cotton was imported fromIndia and no imports of finished cotton goods were allowed. This had a terrible effect on the cotton industry in India and as a result itcollapsed. Britain nowcontrolled the cotton trademaking vast profits but none was invested in India.

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Term
Fall
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Ranjit Singh

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