CHAPTER 7 CONGRESS - CHAPTER 7 CONGRESS Dominique G I...

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CHAPTER 7 CONGRESSI.IntroductionA.In 2010, president Obama signed the patient protection and affordablecare act despite opposition from republicans and conservative democrats.B.Congress worries about voting in ways that do not appeal to their constituents, they depend on citizen approval in order to win reelection.II.Roots of the legislative branch of governmentA.The constitution created a bicameral legislature with members of each body to be elected differently and represent different demographics of voters1.Article 1 sets forth qualifications for office and specifies how legislators are to be disturb used amount states (435 house of reps determined by population while 100 senators are two per state) a. After 10 years, the U.S Census is conducted and district lines must be redrawn to reflect the population shifts. i.The constitution provides many enumerated and implied laws to Congress. Such as lawmaking and oversight, shared by both houses of congress while others such as confirmation of presidential appointees are not.B.House members must be at least twenty-five years of age; senators, thirty. Members of the House are required to be citizens of the United States for at least seven years; those elected to the Senate must have been citizens for at least nine years. Both representatives and senators must be legal residents of the states from which they are elected. 1.Seventeenth Amendment in 1913, which provides for the direct election of senators by voters. Then, as now, one-third of all senators are up for reelection every two years. a.Members of the House of Representatives are elected to two-year terms by a vote of the eligible electorate in each congressional district. 1.The Framers expected that House members would be more responsible to the people, both because they were elected directly by them and because they were up for reelection every two yearsIII.Members of CongressA.CongressionalDemographicsDominique G.1/12/15P5
1.Congress members are richer, better educated, and more likely to be white andmale than the general population. B.Running for and staying in office1.Members of Congress must attempt to appease their home districts and party leaders, colleagues, and lobbyists in D.C. a.Membership in one of the two major parties is almost always a prerequisite for election and also the ability to raise money.2.When it comes to reelection, incumbency and redistricting also affect members’ chances.a.Factors such as political party, constituents, colleagues and caucuses, staff and support agencies, and interest groups, lobbyists, and political action committees affect reelection and also the productivity of congress.3.When a bill is nonideological (a member has no real position), staff members may be the greatest influence on how a member of Congress votes.

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