1. Defining organizational environments) Glita) General environment – Industry sector C ltl– Cultural– Legal & political Economic– Economic – TechnologyLabour market– Labour market– Physical resources– etcetc...
b) Tkit (ifiit)b) Task environment (specific environment) –Particular elements of the environment (e.g., sectors, players within sectors, etc.) that directly influence/interact with the organization–“Organizational set”•Set of other organizations in an organization’s task environment–Organizations exist in complex networks of other organizations•Cooperative & competitive interactions•Symbolic & substantive interactions•ExamplesJoint ventures alliances licensing arrangements–Joint ventures, alliances, licensing arrangements–Supply chain–Japanese “keiretsu” (family of organizations)
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