Chapter 2 - Organizational Research

Chapter 2 - Organizational Research - Organizational...

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rganizational research Organizational research
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General concepts 1. General concepts . Organizational research methods 2. Organizational research methods 3. Evaluating research quality
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General concepts 1. General concepts a) Theory – Concise explanation of some phenomenon in the world oncepts Concepts • Relationships among concepts – Good theories • Conceptually rigorous • Operational • Generalizable • Parsimonious – Relationship between theory and the phenomenon • Deductive vs. inductive research
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b) Deductive research – From general theory Æ specific data – Theory leads to predictions about what is likely going on ypothesis Hypothesis • Theory-based research question, expressed as a prediction • Not just a random “shot in the dark” prediction perationalization Operationalization • Methods used to collect data within some specific context in order to test hypothesis ata collection Data collection • Findings supportive of hypothesis? • Consistent with theory? roblem Problem • Pre-existing theory may blind researcher to what is actually going on • We tend to see what we already know (and ignore or discount evidence that doesn’t fit our assumptions)
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c) Inductive research (e.g., exploratory research) – From specific data Æ general theory • No prior theory • Begin with perception of some phenomenon • Collect data about phenomenon in attempt to describe what is going on – Summarizing & interpreting data leads to more refined understanding of what might be going on • i.e., Theory is the outcome of the research process ay lead to new hypotheses to be tested later
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course MANAGEMENT MSCI 311 taught by Professor Dumiering during the Spring '08 term at Waterloo.

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Chapter 2 - Organizational Research - Organizational...

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