FOREWORDThis publication has been prepared under our direction for use by our respective commands and other commands as appropriate. STANLEY H. LILLIEBrigadier General, USACommandantUS Army Chemical SchoolEDWARD HANLON, JR.Lieutenant General, USMC Commanding General Marine Corps Combat Development CommandJOHN M. KELLYRear Admiral, USNCommanderNavy Warfare Development CommandBENTLEY B. RAYBURNMajor General, USAFCommanderHeadquarters Air Force Doctrine CenterThis publication is available at Army Knowledge Online .
PREFACE 1. ScopeThis multiservice operations publication provides tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP) for conducting nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) vulnerability assessments (VAs). This document presents a comprehensive methodology for analyzing, managing, and assessing NBC risk. It provides tools that can be used to determine risks associated with vulnerabilities to NBC attack. It also provides the user with suggested actions that can be used to mitigate and reduce these vulnerabilities. Users of this manual are NBC and chemical, biological, and radiological (CBR) staff officers, unit commanders, NBC noncommissioned officers (NCOs), and others involved in planning and conducting NBC surveillance operations.NOTE: The United States Marine Corps (USMC) uses the acronym METT-T (mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops available and time). Civilian considerations are inherently measured within the context of this acronym.2. Purposea. The purpose of this publication is to provide commanders, staffs, and unit leaders a key reference for the planning and conduct of NBC VAs. It serves as a key source document for the development of other multiservice manuals and refinement of existing training support packages (TSPs), training center exercises, and service school curricula.b. This manual provides the commander and his staff with the tools to—•Counter the NBC threat.•Conduct NBC threat analysis.•Conduct NBC vulnerability analysis.•Determine NBC vulnerabilities and risks.•Implement NBC vulnerability reduction measures.•Support the decision-making process.3. ApplicationThis publication is designed for use at the operational and tactical levels. The document will support command staff planning in preparing for and conducting NBC VAs. The manual also provides guidance to unit leaders and personnel for implementing NBC vulnerability reduction measures.4. Implementation PlanParticipating service command offices of primary responsibility (OPRs) will review this publication; validate the information; and reference and incorporate it in service and command manuals, regulations, and curricula as follows:Army. TheUnitedStatesArmy(USA)willincorporatetheproceduresinthis publication; in USA training and doctrinal publications as directed by the Commander, United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC). Distribution is according to Department of the Army (DA) Form 12-99-R (Initial Distribution Requirements for Publications).