HIST 1020 Exam Four Notes - EXAM 4 Herron Taylor 1 The Cold...

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EXAM 4Herron Taylor°1: The Cold War, 1945-1991°The World After 1945:Different world, divided world“A bi-polar world”New/old nations, rich/poor nations, capitalist/communist nationsoPost colonial nationsoGap between nations increases rapidlyoMore than 70 new countries come into being in the 1950s and 1960soMany creating declarations of independenceoCommunist (soviet union), Capitalist (social democracy, U.S.)°Berlin Wall—“Checkpoint Charlie”Divided GermanyEnd of WWIIAllied countries decide to divide Germany in halfEast Germany (communist), west Germany (capitalist)1961Today: Checkpoint Charlie is a museum°End of European DominanceWorld War IoCreates cracks in the European empire
oWhich of these political ideologies will emerge from the war?
oNew nations are feeling pressure to choose between the twoNations must choose between the two°The Appeal of CommunismSoviet Union showed thisThe communist ideology appeared to offer total equality, giving both men and womenequal rights and equal importance in governmentIt showed a society and government system where all the citizens could work and make a living, something many countries’ inhabitants needed after World War II°The Spread of Communism After 1945:Attraction of the Soviet (Stalinist) Model of governmentCommunism as a “program for modernization”oAttractive to unindustrialized governments as a blueprint for rapid modernization to create industrial societiesBy 1960, communism in: Eastern Europe, North Korea, China, North Vietnam, Cuba°Stalinist Model of GovernmentOne party political systemsHighly centralized national governmentsCentrally-planned (state-directed) economySystem of education in which “truth” = political ideologyoEverything is controlled by state to ensure central message is givenGovernments dominated by high-profile leadersoSingle supreme leader to guide stateoMao Tse-Tung: ChinaoFidel Castro: Cuba
°China Under Mao Tse-Tung:In 1949, the Communist Party of China defeated the Chinese nationalist party in a 10

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