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Exam 1 History 1020Herron Taylor°1) The World Economy, c. 1750°The “three Cs” of World HistoryComparison: looking at the way things look at two places at the same timeConnection: thinking about the way goods, ideas, and people connect around the world. The Atlantic plantation complex. Change: why do things change when they do and what are their consequences? °Two revolutions(economic) the industrial revolution(political) the “Atlantic revolutions”—The American, French, Haitian, and Latin American Revolutionsworking together these two events usher in a new era in world history. The era of European dominance°the era of European dominance1780-1945the European moment in world historythe rest of the world encounters Europeans by force and choicegovernment, ideas, trade, etc.rapid halt in 1945°Henry Smeathman in Africa, 1773Swedish naturalistGoes to Africa to collect specimens to bring back to EuropeArrives at Bance/Bense/Bunce Island (English slaving fort)He doesn’t mention anything about the actual work that is taking place on the island, the slave trade. In the 18thcentury, slavery was an assumed action. It was an essential part of how the economy functioned.
One day he spent playing golf (c.1770 in Scotland, not many people played outside ofScotland, England, or the Netherlands), played a game against the slave tradersThey wore shirts purchased from India (primary cotton), they dressed Africans in Scottish clothing and used them as their caddy’sThey used golf clubs made of rare wood from central AmericaThey had a feast of Ireland, African, and Portuguese foodThey smoked tobacco from Virginia°The world economy before 1800Three featuresGlobal trade (merchant networks) oextensive Jewish safari merchant network between Asia Europe Africa, essential to the way trade functions works because of little laws. Need to be able to work with people you trust (language, religious, and cultural features need to be similar), face to face trade most common. Luso Africans very important because mixture of African and Portuguese decent to allow trade between Europe and African decent.Household (family) productionomost economic transactions and goods happen at the family level, small scale, localized, mode of production, very fragile and unstable, large range of goods.Slave Laborosurfs, slaves in the Caribbean. Most work done by slave. Largest amount of slaves come from Africa in early modern era. Transatlantic slave trade. 10 million Africans shipped across Atlantic ocean in 18thcentury. Doesn’t count the ones who died en route. Consequences are very lasting on Africa even in present day. People functioning as a form of property. Building ships to maximize the amount of people you can cram in to maximize profitsThe Brookes (British Slave Ship)°The consequences of African SlaveryInternal warfareDemographic Instability (most valuable are young men and women teens and twenties in good shape. Especially young men. Creates gaps in African communities