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SOCL CH4 - SOCL CH4 Socialization The lifelong process of...

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SOCL CH4 02/03/2015 ° Socialization The lifelong process of social interaction in which the individual acquires a social identity and ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that are essential for effective participation in a society. ° Purpose of socialization Socialization o Establishes our social identity o Teaches us role taking o Controls our behavior Internalization—process of learning cultural behaviors and expectations so deeply we accept them without question o Transmits culture to the next generation ° Nature-nurture debate Biologists tend to focus on the role of heredity in human development—emphasizing the role of nature Social scientists focus on the role of learning ,socializing ° Importance of nurture Cross-cultural data show very different conditions for children Research suggests that the environment can influence biology o Abuse of alcohol can cause genetic damage ° Nature and nurture We can conclude that nature and nurture interact in the socialization process and both are important to development ° Functionalism
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