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Religion Study Guide – Hinduism1. The Vedas– (means knowledge or wisdom) Scriptures of the HindusMost holy, most spiritual, and oldest scripturesFour books:o1) Rig VedaHymns to ancient godso2) Sama VedaChants and hymns for sacrifices… purifies listenerso3) Yajur VedaDirections for rituals and sacrificeso4) Arthava VedaSelf-help with evil and negative emotions2. The Bhahavad Gita – “Song of the Blessed Lord”Pandavas vs. KauravasArjuna and Krishna (Family vs. Dharma)Samsara, Avatar3. Dharma– a.k.a. the Path of Renunciation … Religion of dutyRenouncing the now for the futureChanging focus from the self to the universe4. Moksha – the release of the soul from a cycle of rebirths; one of the four goals of life5. Atman– the essence of Brahman that is present in individuals (the universal self)6. Brahman– the name of the highest deity, the Absolute7. Brahma– ultimate reality; the creator8. Vishnu