Lecture 11 - Lecture 11 Fall of the Yuan Death of the...

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Lecture 11 Fall of the Yuan Death of the Kubhilai in 1294 Major rebellions after 1351 The Red Turban rebel army End of the Yuan Dynasty in 1368 Rise of the Ming (1368-1644) Zhu Yuanzhang—Emperor Taizu (1368-98) Nanjing capital Despotism Direct control over military campaigns. Didn’t trust his officials because of his peasant background Abolished the title Chancellor Cut expenses—small government, small bureaucracy, low salaries Break the power of wealthy families—confiscating property, heavy taxes Control and “re-confucianize” the population Taizu’s Reign Control and “re-confucianize” the population Registration of population. Reallocate tax and labor more fairly Unpaid services—wealthy families would help government with no pay. Driven to bankruptcy Attempts to reform popular religion “Six Maxims” Women and morality Shadow of Zhu Yuanzhang’s model A frozen, unchanging agrarian economy

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