Lecture 16 - Lecture 16 Collapse of the Qing On the eve of the 1911 revolution Devolution of powerfrom central to provincial The erosion of support for

Lecture 16 - Lecture 16 Collapse of the Qing On the eve of...

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Lecture 16 Collapse of the Qing On the eve of the 1911 revolution Devolution of power—from central to provincial The erosion of support for conservative reform Response to the New Policies Shift in state-intellectual relations The 1911 revolution Wuchang uprising 15 provinces seceded Compromising with Yuan Shikai (1895-1916) Founding of the Republic, 1912 Sun Yat Sen issued a provisional constitution Yuan Shikai became the first president Political revolution but no fundamental social changes From empire to nation From “Qing” to “China”: naming the nameless country Liang Qichao: three failures contributed to the weakness of the country Anti-Manchu propaganda and the inventing of the Han lineage/race (Hanzu) Re-conceptualizing Chinese nationhood: a “Republic of Five Peoples” Reverse by Chiang Kai-shek’s KMT state PRC: a composite of multiple distinct ethnic communities Republican Government 1912-1913

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