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SOCI 219 - Sociology Notes - Up to Mid Term Exam

SOCI 219 - Sociology Notes - Up to Mid Term Exam -...

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September 7, 2007 September-07-07 10:35 AM Teaching Assistant: Alessandro Olsaretti 1. Concept of culture: the way we use it in sociology 2. ** overheads on web ct 3. First overhead: culture a master concept 4. Used in the social sciences, humanities 5. Not a concept limited to sociology 6. Economics talk about culture, political sciences, anthropologists 7. Humanistic disciplines also use this concept of culture 8. Many uses, thus no single unitary definition of culture 9. Concept gets defined by needs of discipline where it was getting used 10.One basic distinction: between humanistic and social science conception 11.Humanistic: emphasis the aesthetic properties (the beauty of this object) 12.Def.;s different in humanities vs social sciences 13.Like to emphasize the aesthetic value of objects, subjects 14.Also emphasize objects that embody this aesthetic blah blah is rare 15.Aesthetic, rare 16.ALSO we need and should make discriminations; we want to make judgements about a particular object 17.It's good/bad because... 18.Some sense of value of an object 19.Another; the appreciation of these cultural objects will have some positive effects on the person who is beholding them 20.Goes beyond the simple fact of enjoyment 21.Sociologist: encompass a large 22.Culture encompass a wide range of objects and concepts 23.Emphasize that everybody partakes of culture 24.3rd: like to demonstrate how cultural meaningful concepts/objects are correlated with specific groups in society 25.Assumption: it's not a random matchup. 26.The humanistic concept of culture seems to be disappearing slowly; their dropping their trad. Idea of culture 27.Split between hum. Vs. Soc. Sci: does have a history 28.Trace it back to the renaissance 29.Examine it as it emerges in the late 19th century 30.Statements: on overhead 31.Matthew Arnold: "the best" 32.EB Tylor: broader concept 33.Human. Associates culture with refinement. Contemplate the best; gain wisdom, sense of sublime, going to art museum is good for you 34.Reason why he wants to promote culture: you'll be refined, less brutish
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35.Connoisseur of the aesthetic blah blah; listen to classical music (and eventually be able to say what is good and not good in classical music) 36.You will look at paintings; get some sense of the goodness of this paintings, leading to your personal refinement 37.There is going to be some kind of mental transformation in your contact with culture 38.With saturation will lead to more honest and caring relationships with other people 39.Spreading of sweetness and light (beauty and wisdom) 40.A very powerful conception of culture 41.Ethical element eventually assumed less and less significance (just because you are refined does not mean you are good) 42.Nazis in death camps, playing classical music in the background 43.Human. In the 20th century; traditional values of culture 44.Humanistics began to see where the public was leaning to; they did not consider movies and comics culture 45.Began to rally against mass culture, saying that there are traditional values (good) of culture 46.Emphasized that maybe only a few people in society will be able to achieve refinement
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