PSYCHOLOGY LECTURE NOTES - PSYCHOLOGY 111 Lecture Notes...

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PSYCHOLOGY 111 Lecture Notes January 7 th , 2008 Course Goals - promote understanding in  o how research is conducted o psychological terms and concepts Chapter 1 What is psychology? - study of the mind, brain and behavior using scientific principles - Brain   MRI, fMRI - Research suggests that text and languages are processed in the left hemisphere - Right and left differ in specialized processing of information - The Right hemisphere is better at visual and abstract processing Roots of Psychology   philosophy and psychology - Philosophy o Nature- Nurture Debate Does genetics or environment make us who we are? o Mind-Body Debate Does mind = body? Yes =Material Monism (Hippocrates, de La Mettrie) o Denies the concept if free will through cause and effect o Opens the door to artificial intelligence (theoretically) o If you suffered brain damage, how does your mind still work? No = Dualism (Plato, Descartes)  o Mind belongs to the non-body world (non organic); body is physical o Free will is possible o If your body died, your mind did not (possible “mind living” through the  religious belief in the afterlife) Lecture Notes January 10, 2008 Physiology - How does sensory information become mind information? o Stimuli (light, chemicals, sound, smell, etc.) o Change in activity in the nervous system (There must be significant changes in the stimuli.) - Do mental events = physical events? o Kaniza Illusory Contours Independence of Psychology - Wilhelm Wundt in 1879 - Psychology defined: o Scientific study of conscious experience (perception) o Conscious awareness is mind o Consciousness comes from psychological processes
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Our minds create consciousness with the information provided from the physical world  (Mentronomes) Schools of Psychology - What should be investigated (consciousness, mind, brain, behavior)? - How science should be used Each school impacted knowledge of psychology. Structuralism (Edward Titchener, mid 1800’s) - Investigate consciousness - Consciousness      can be reduces into elements/parts. Identify the elements and how they interact. - Introspection      – Systematic observation of one’s own experiences. The problem with studying themselves is  bias. - Basic research – Investigating to better understand a phenomenon. Goal is to understand how the  phenomenon works. Functionalism (William James, mid 1800’s) - Investigate consciousness - Consciousness is not reducible   Look at it as a whole. -
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYO 111 taught by Professor Rutherford during the Winter '08 term at The University of British Columbia.

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PSYCHOLOGY LECTURE NOTES - PSYCHOLOGY 111 Lecture Notes...

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