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Unformatted text preview: ORGANIC CHEM IUPAC NAMING Basics- Find the parent name by counting the longest carbon chain. o The name of the parent hydrocarbon is changes slightly by the application of the highest priority functional group suffix. - Distinguish functional groups that are attached to the parent hydrocarbon (substituents) o The remaining functional groups are indicated by numbered prefixes, appearing in the name in alphabetical order from first to last. o Branched alkanes are names as a straight-chain with attached alkyl groups. They are prefixed with a number indicating the carbon group that they are attached to. o Mupliple substituents on the same kind are prefixed with “di-“, “tri-“, “tetra-“, etc.- Cyclic alkanes are referred to “cyclo-“ Number of Carbons 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Prefix Met h Et h Pr o Bu t Pen t He x Oc t No n De c Unde c Dode c Tride c Tride...
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- Winter '08
- Chemistry, Functional group