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SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND ITS EFFECTS ON ADOLESCENT SEXUAL HEALTH1Socioeconomic Status And Its Effects On Adolescent Sexual HealthDonald C. DrakeHSA-3450U of D Mercy
SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND ITS EFFECTS ON ADOLESCENT SEXUAL HEALTH2Sexual health is a part of everyday life. According to the Center for Disease control andprevention definition, sexual health, “ is a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality; Sexual health requires a positive respectful approach to sexualityand sexual relationships, as wellas the possibilityof having pleasurable and safe sexualexperiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence.” This is the ideal definition that canbe assumed when dealing with sex on a daily basis.However the idea of sexual health is not asclearly defined or lived by in today’s adolescent society.Adolescents living in disadvantageneighborhood or of lower socioeconomic status communities are at a greater risk and havepoorer sexual health habits.It is important to understand what socioeconomic status means.Socioeconomic status asdefined by the American Psychological Association is “commonly conceptualized as the socialstanding or class of an individual or group…often measured as a combination of education,income, and occupation.” The definition also states that, “Examinations of socioeconomic statusoften reveal inequities in access to resources, plus issues related to privilege, power, andcontrol.” (APA 2011)This definition suggests that adolescents of low socioeconomic statuscorrelate with lower levels of education are at a greater risk for poverty and often result in poorhealth and practices for maintaining good sexual health habits.According to a study done in the February 2011 issue of the American Journal issue ofPublic Health, “The socioeconomic status of communities played a salient role influencingsexual and reproductive health.”(Tucker 2011) Their research also demonstrated that “living in amore disadvantaged neighborhood was associated with having a higher number of partners and
SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND ITS EFFECTS ON ADOLESCENT SEXUAL HEALTH3having ever gotten a partner pregnant” (Tucker 2011).In further support of this finding, “ Highersocioeconomic status families afford their children an array of services, goods, parental actionsand social connections that potentially redound to the benefit of children and a concert that manylow socioeconomic status children lack access to those same resources, thus putting them at riskand developmental problems.”(Bradley&Corywn 2011)Research done by the John D. and CatherineMacarthrur Foundations shows that “ closerto the bottom or lower socioeconomic status exposures to adverse conditions adds up and those

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Term
Winter
Professor
Ola Martin
Tags
Sex Education, Human sexual behavior, Health Reference Center, Sheetal

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