IHHS 406-Week Two_Chap 1 3 5_Sept 25_13 - THE SOCIAL CONTEXT OF AGING Individual aging IHHS 406 Conceptualizing Aging Aging as a Social Process Two

IHHS 406-Week Two_Chap 1 3 5_Sept 25_13 - THE SOCIAL...

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9/24/13 1 THE SOCIAL CONTEXT OF AGING: Individual aging IHHS 406 September 25, 2013 Conceptualizing Aging - Aging as a Social Process Two major types of aging phenomena: 1) Population aging – Canadians 65+ 2) Individual aging Biological, physiological, psychological, and social changes in an individual that affect life chances & lifestyles across the lifecycle. 1) and 2) are interrelated. 1971 8.1% 1981 9.7% 1991 11.6% Projected 2021 17-20% Biological Aging Arthritis Decreased sensory abilities Hypertension Heart disease Strokes Dementia Cancer Biological aging occurs in an ever-changing world.
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9/24/13 2 Life Course Perspective A perspective from which aging is viewed as part of the totality of human life, understood as successive series of stages, from infancy to old age. And we understand how the problems, advantages, disadvantages, needs and lifestyles of later life are shaped by earlier life transitions. Social Structure Institutions, groups, and cultural dynamics that provide sets of expectations for behaviour. For example, norms associated with age, gender, ethnicity, or socio-economic status may influence people’s life chances. Human Agency A central concern of the life course perspective— people are not only acted upon, but active agents in their own lives. A dialectical relationship exists between agency and social structures – accounts for the heterogeneity of the older adult population.
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9/24/13 3 Chronological & Functional Age CA-A crude estimate of aging because people of a similar age can exhibit different objective (e.g., physical flexibility) and subjective (e.g., perceived health) measures of aging. FA-Determined by how well an individual can perform a variety of tasks, such as driving, shopping, and household tasks like meal preparation. Functional age is sometimes more accurate as a criterion for services. Biological, Psychological Aging BA - internal and external biological changes influence behaviour, longevity, and one’s QOL. PA - changes in learning ability, memory, &creativity that occur across the life course – involves interaction of individual, cognitive and behavioural changes with social & environmental factors (e.g.
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  • Fall '15
  • Sociology, Social Aging, individual aging, Contexts of Aging, Biological aging occurs

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