IHHS 406_Week 5_ - AGING DIVERSITY HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES ON AGING LGBTQ SENIORS KEY ISSUES IHHS 406 October 9 2013 Exploring diversity Multiple ways

IHHS 406_Week 5_ - AGING DIVERSITY HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES...

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10/16/13 1 AGING & DIVERSITY HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES ON AGING LGBTQ SENIORS – KEY ISSUES IHHS 406 October 9, 2013 Exploring diversity Multiple ways the life course is affected by historical & cultural aspects of aging. Process of aging & characteristics of older people vary dramatically across different cultures and over different time periods. Cultures provide values & norms that affect many aspects of life. Values – criteria used to judge behaviour (e.g. dependency). Norms – expectations of behaviour (e.g. older people should retire). Centrality of time and culture Status of older people in society – influenced by cultural values and norms Argued that some cultures appear to value and respect elders more than others Few comparative studies of this area of research
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10/16/13 2 Pre-industrialized societies ~ 1750, life expectancy < 40 years of age 6 major functions ( Maxwell & Silverman, 1970) 1) hosts of feasts, games or visiting groups 2) consultants about survival skills or rituals 3) decision-makers for groups 4) entertainers 5) arbitrators of disputes, & 6) teachers of the young non-nomadic – tend to give higher status to elders than nomadic; pass on cultural knowledge – oral tradition Modernization Hypothesis Sheds light on differences or changes in the status of the elderly across cultures & over time
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