IHHS 406 Week 6_J Small handout - Objectives Communicating with Older Adults in the Context of Dementia Jeff Small Ph.D School of Audiology and Speech

IHHS 406 Week 6_J Small handout - Objectives Communicating...

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1 Communicating with Older Adults in the Context of Dementia Jeff Small, Ph.D. School of Audiology and Speech Sciences IHHS 406 October 16, 2013 Objectives 1.Describe how changes associated with aging and dementia can influence communication 2.Identify strategies that can enhance communication with older adults, particularly those who have dementia 1. Communication and Aging 2. Communication and Dementia 3. Strategies to enhance communication Aging n What is it? Sender Receiver Message Message Context Relationship What is Communication? 1. Communication and Aging Help for the elderly -part 2 Geriatric1927
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2 What Factors Influence Communication with Older Adults? n People s experiences interacting with older adults n People s beliefs about aging n Knowledge of age- and dementia- related changes Small, J.A. (2006). Speech and communication (speech styles). In J.E. Birren (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Gerontology (Second Edition): Age, Aging, and the Aged (pp. 551-558) . Oxford: Elsevier Ltd. Ryan et al., 1995; Small, 2006 Implicit Association Test Knowledge of Age Related Changes v Dynamic systems theory n motor and sensory n cognitive n social Cognitive Crystallized = Fluid = knowledge and reasoning information processing speed Crystallized vs. Fluid Intelligence (for a review, see Craik & Bialystok, 2006) Kemper et al. 2001 ( Psychology & Aging ) Grammatical Complexity of Speech Idea Complexity of Speech
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3 Carstensen (1995; see also 2000, 2003, 2004; and for a review: Wrzus, C., Hänel, M., Wagner, J., & Neyer, F. J. (2012, May 28). Social Network Changes and Life Events Across the Life Span: A Meta-Analysis. Psychological Bulletin . Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0028601 r s 2. Communication and Dementia Dementia The World Alzheimer Report 2010 "Most Significant Health Crisis of the 21st Century n The number of people with dementia will double by 2030, and more than triple by 2050. n The worldwide costs of dementia will exceed 1% of global GDP in 2010, at US$604 billion. n If dementia care were a company, it would be the world's largest by annual revenue exceeding Wal-Mart (US$414 billion) and Exxon Mobil (US$311 billion). "The care of people with dementia is not just a health issue - it is a massive social issue Governments worldwide must develop policies and plans for long- term care that anticipate and address social and demographic trends and have an explicit focus on supporting family caregivers and ensuring social protection of vulnerable people with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias.
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