Final+Exam+Review - Final Exam Review HD 2304 Chapter 11 To...

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Final Exam ReviewHD 2304Chapter 11: To Be or Not To Be a ParentBenefits of Having ChildrenParents report being “happier than ever” and “in love” with their childrenLove and affectionFulfillment and satisfactionDelight in seeing growthParental closeness Lineage Costs of Having ChildrenExpensive Emotional costsMommy Taxunpaid work does not count towards social securityNeglecting partner relationshipNegative effects greater when baby comes shortly after marriage Parenting NewbornsMothers More likely to experience marital dissatisfaction80% experience “baby blues”10-30% experience Post-Partum Depression (PPD)High risk are young, low income, depressive historyFathers Equally effective in soothing babiesMaturity enhancedForm stronger links with own parentsMore demands and roles MotherhoodThe Mothering Myth:A good mother will be perfect if she follows her instinctsThere is something wrong with a mother who doesn’t wholly devote herself to her childrenMyth discourages others from helping with the baby, especially father Postponing ParenthoodOlder ParentsAdvantagesWomen 22 and 34 have healthier babies than teen moms Older mothers more likely to be married and have higher educationOlder mothers tend to feel more secure, patient, mature
With retirement, more quality time with children and less stress about resources DisadvantagesInfants of older parents may have increased health risksSome find they waited too long and cannot have as many children as desiredOften feel the tension between managing career and childrenExpenses later in lifeMay not see grandchildrenTransnational Adoption40% adoption transracialAdoptive children argue they have right to know birth parents due to rights to genetic health histories Children benefit if parents engage in racial socializationDevelopment of pride in racial or ethnic backgroundStrategies for managing bias and discrimination “Childless” vs. “Child Free” Childless implies lack or loss; child free connotes a choiceChild free marriage more focused on fulfilment of partner needs, not child-centered Voluntary vs involuntary childlessness Childless women tend to be:WhiteCollege-educatedNever married/not cohabitatingGrew up with both biological parentsChapter 12: Raising Children: Promises & PitfallsParental roles are internalized, not performedParenting is not instinctive or innate; involves lots of trial and errorNo template to ensure smooth transition into parenthoodParentingRewardsHappier taking care of children than partaking in other activitiesEnhanced sense of wellbeingMore positive about their lives than non-parentsDifficulties Role overload for employed parentsRole conflict when roles overlapRole strain:

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