ethnic studies final - 2 Body define impossible subject a...

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2. Body:define impossible subject: “a person who cannot be and a problem that cannot be solved.” both wanted and unwanted- US immigration laws created the concept of impossible subject. Body:Johnson-Reed Immigration Act of 1924 (-quota based on national origin –provided for the exclusion of the person ineligible for citizenship=barred half of the world’s population from the US) - US ‘s first comprehensive immigration restriction law (start of national racial quotas) and a global racial and national hierarchy these laws enabled the idea of impossible subject“Immigration restriction produced the illegal alien as a new legal and political subject,whose inclusion within the nation was simultaneously a social reality and a legal impossibility - a subject barred from citizenship and without rights.”Body:Filipinos(Ch3)- thorny problem for restrictionists, as they were colonialsubjects who were often Christian and Americanized. “Racial Other.” -US imperialism and colonialism (spanish american war, us took over philippines), colonial subjects, they were seen as disposable labor, they were gendered as not having the same masculinity, most workers who migrated were men and reversal of the homosocial culture of western frontier to one of “femininity” all Filipino-white marriages were made illegal and void. -Welch Bill- 1928, declaring Filipinos as “Aliens”, excluding them from the US US nationals were able to travel and work in US, but didn’t have rights of US citizen pensionados, came to the US as government scholars, for the purpose of furthering their education and training in the US. Mexicanch4-were legally define as white at first, and was cast as a race apart and was deemed “illegal alien.” -Bracero program: brought in 4.6 million immigrants. by the Dept. of Agriculture. unfair working conditions, brought Mexicans in but were attacked by white farmers. -Wetback program: decline of the bracero system, beginning of the Mexican problem in the US, development of the criminal and dangerous stereotype. -Carrot and Stick Policy: mass deportation of Mexican workers, military tactics to deport worker, govt claimed “Mexican problem” as a natl. priority. 3. Body:poem about possibilities, resilience, and transformation. Intersects with class and gender (besides race). Freedome and unfreedom, citizenship doesn’t mean equality. Some afforded tools to for survival while others are not, dismantle inequalities legally but still challenged. dehumanization EXAMPLES: maturation of urban ghetto(1965 most aspects of black ghetto, police borders, exploitation of labor, excluding them from social services, site of criminality, placed poverty and sole reason for the violence), -what it means to catch hell(to take it in your hands and make something out of that, live in spite of the struggle, channeling that to push forward),

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