Inhalants - Lecture 14 Inhalants Inhalants Inhalant...

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Lecture 14 Inhalants
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Inhalants
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Inhalant Categories Volatile Solvents (glue, paint thinner, gasoline) Aerosols (spray paint, spray cleaners, hair spray) Gases (whipped cream disp., butane, freon) Nitrites (amyl nitrite, butyl nitrite, nitroglycerin-like effects)
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Many inhalants are readily available Gasoline Hobby glues and cements Paint thinners Lacquers and enamels Cigarette or charcoal lighter fluid Fingernail polish and polish remover (incl. acetone) Stain removers, degreasers, and other dry-cleaning products Upholstery protection sprays (Scotchguard) Windshield de-icers Disinfectants Fine extinguishing volatile chemicals Typewriter correction fluid Permanent felt marker ink Aerosol hair spray and other aerosols Spray paints Whipped cream propellants Freon
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Chemical bases and effects
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Street Terms Common terms Associated with Inhalants Term Definition Term Definition Air Blast Inhalants Bagging Using Inhalants Buzz Bomb Nitrous Oxide Climax Isobutyl Nitrate Glading Using Inhalants Gluey Sniffing or inhaling glue Huffer Inhalants abuser Poor Man's Pot Inhalants
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Routes of Administration Sniffing / Huffing / Bagging Spraying
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Pharmacokinetics highly lipid soluble get into lungs fast and crosses BBB easily eliminated via the lungs or metabolized some are metabolized by liver and produce toxic metabolites such as carbon monoxide
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Smooth muscle relaxation Smooth muscle relaxation Vasodilation Vasodilation Disinhibition Euphoria as giddiness Unsteady gait Slurred speech Drowsiness Drowsiness Dizziness/fainting
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course NROSCI 0081 taught by Professor Armandosignore during the Spring '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Inhalants - Lecture 14 Inhalants Inhalants Inhalant...

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