DOM_402_PROJECT_MANAGEMENT_NOTES_MAGUTU_2012 - DOM 402...

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Successful Project Management
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 9
Successful Project Management
Clements/Gido
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DOM 402: Project Management By Magutu O.P Jan 2012 1 PROJECT MANAGEMENT INTRODUCTION All of us have been involved in projects, whether personal projects or in business and industry. Examples of typical projects are for example: Personal projects (obtain a degree, diploma, write a report, plan a wedding, plant a garden, build a house extension) Industrial projects (construct a building, provide a gas supply to an industrial estate, build a motorway, design a new car) Business projects (develop a new course, develop a new course, develop a computer system, introduce a new product, prepare an annual report, set up a new office) Projects can be of any size and duration. They can be simple, like planning a party, or complex like launching a space shuttle. Generally projects are made up of: a defined beginning, multiple activities which are performed to a plan, a defined end. Therefore a project may be defined as a means of moving from a problem to a solution via a series of planned activities. A project is a means of moving from a problem to a solution via a series of planned activities. A project has a definite beginning and end. Projects consist of several activities. Two essential features are present in every project no matter how simple or complicated they are. In the first place, all projects must be planned out in advance if they are to be successfully executed. Secondly, the execution of the project must be controlled to ensure that the desired results are achieved. On most projects it is possible to carry out multiple activities simultaneously. Usually it is possible to perform several activities at the same time; however there will be activities which cannot begin until a preceding activity has been completed. Such relationships are referred to
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Successful Project Management
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 9
Successful Project Management
Clements/Gido
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DOM 402: Project Management By Magutu O.P Jan 2012 2 as dependencies or precedence’s , and when planning a project it is important to establish the order of precedence of dependent activities, and to establish those activities which can be performed in parallel with other activities. Regardless of the nature or size of your project a successful outcome can only be achieved by using sound project management techniques. The most widely used and popular methods of project management are Gantt Charts, Critical Path Method (CPM) and Programme Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT). However, it is important to remember that projects are carried out by people, and the human aspects of project management are critical for the project success. Definition 1 A project is a set of activities which should be undertaken in a logical sequence for the propose of attaining some specified objectives within a given time period, budget and at a given quality specification Definition 2 A project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to provide or to produce a unique service or product.

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