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CategoryConfederate States of America(Confederacy)These United States of America(Union)RegionSouthNorthPresidentJefferson DavisAbraham LincolnMilitary GeneralRobert E LeeUlysses S Grant**Purpose for fighting**To defend homeland & way of life…States’ RightsTo preserve union Number of States11Population9 million (6 white, 3 slaves)22 millionMilitary StrategyHoldout until North grows tiredSurround and overwhelm… Anaconda Plan % of manufacturing1684Miles of Railroad track9,00022,000Amount of money47 million189 millionAdvantagesFighting on their own territoryGreater manpower and resourcesDisadvantagesFewer resources and soldiersFighting far from homeChart24
Civil War !
Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address•On March 4, 1861, Abraham Lincoln took the oath of office for President of the United States. •Jefferson Davis had been inaugurated as President of the Confederacy only two weeks before. •In his first speech as President, Lincoln made his position on the South clear…
•“Apprehension seems to exist among the people of the Southern States, that by…a Republican [in office], their property, and their peace, and personal security, are to be endangered. There has never been any reasonable cause for such apprehension. •I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so."Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address
•“We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battle-field, and patriot grave, to every living heart and hearth-stone, all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.”Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address
“In yourhands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine,is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you.You can have no conflict without being yourselves the aggressors. Youhave no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while Ishall have the most solemn one to preserve, protect, and defend it.“Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address
Fort Sumter•Only one month later, hotheads in South Carolina fired upon Fort Sumter, executing the first shots in the Civil War……encouraging thousands of people in the North and South to enlist for military service.
The Civil WarThe most devastating war in our history
The War begins…•For the Northerners, all doubts that people had about using force to save the Union vanished.
What is a “Civil War”…•A conflict between two peoples in onecountry.
The Battle of Bull Run, a “great awakening”•On a hot July morning, Northern troops, singing and laughing and expecting a quick victory, marched toward their first battle. Excited families, including women and children, followed their soldiers, hoping to witness the end of the rebellion