14 Civil War - Chart Category Region Confederate States of...

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Category Confederate States of America (Confederacy) These United States of America (Union) Region South North President Jefferson Davis Abraham Lincoln Military General Robert E Lee Ulysses S Grant **Purpose for fighting** To defend homeland & way of life… States’ Rights To preserve union Number of States 11 Population 9 million (6 white, 3 slaves) 22 million Military Strategy Holdout until North grows tired Surround and overwhelm… Anaconda Plan % of manufacturing 16 84 Miles of Railroad track 9,000 22,000 Amount of money 47 million 189 million Advantages Fighting on their own territory Greater manpower and resources Disadvantages Fewer resources and soldiers Fighting far from home Chart 24
Civil War !
Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address On March 4, 1861, Abraham Lincoln took the oath of office for President of the United States. Jefferson Davis had been inaugurated as President of the Confederacy only two weeks before. In his first speech as President, Lincoln made his position on the South clear…
“Apprehension seems to exist among the people of the Southern States, that by…a Republican [in office], their property, and their peace, and personal security, are to be endangered. There has never been any reasonable cause for such apprehension. I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so." Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address
“We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battle- field, and patriot grave, to every living heart and hearth- stone, all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.” Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address
“In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine , is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you. You can have no conflict without being yourselves the aggressors. You have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to preserve, protect, and defend it.“ Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address
Fort Sumter Only one month later, hotheads in South Carolina fired upon Fort Sumter, executing the first shots in the Civil War… …encouraging thousands of people in the North and South to enlist for military service.
The Civil War The most devastating war in our history
The War begins… For the Northerners, all doubts that people had about using force to save the Union vanished.
What is a “Civil War”… A conflict between two peoples in one country.
The Battle of Bull Run, a “great awakening” On a hot July morning, Northern troops, singing and laughing and expecting a quick victory, marched toward their first battle. Excited families, including women and children, followed their soldiers, hoping to witness the end of the rebellion
Battle of Bull Run

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