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INTRODUCTIONFrom the 1800s till today, the power industry has gone through many revolutions anddevelopments. Right from the time when the steam engine was developed till today, thepower industry has grown leaps and bounds and has adapted itself to the different social,political and economic conditions. However, power production has always faced stiffenvironmental and social challenges at different points of time and it has always managed toovercome those challenges and has continued to grow strongly. In this report we shall see abrief description of the different types of power production, the factors affecting it, thechallenges faced by it and the possible future scope of development for each of those sources.DIFFERENT TYPES OF POWER PRODUCTIONThere are different resources through which power can be extracted successfully. These arebasically classified as renewable and non- renewable resources. Some of the examples are:i.Non-Renewable resources:The various methods of power production from non-renewable resources are:a)Coal Power Productionb) Natural Gas Power Productionc)Nuclear Power Productionii.Renewable resources:The various methods of power production from non-renewable resources are:a)Wind Power Productionb) Solar Power Productionc)Hydro Power Productiond) Geothermal Power Productione)Biofuel Power Productioni.Powerproduction from Non- Renewable resources:The power that is generated from those sources which are limited in availability and whichcan get exhausted over a period of time upon continuous use is known non-renewableresources or conventional resources. These include firewood, fossil fuels and other minerals.Generally, the non-renewable energy resources have the following features:They have high energy density, i.e., a small amount of fuel can produce a considerableamount of energyThey are reliable sources of power supply and are generally used for operating all the baseloads of the systemThe non-renewable resources take millions of years to form and they can’t be replenishedagainii.Power production from Renewable resources:The power that is generated from those sources which are unlimited in supply and whichwon’t get exhausted over time even with continuous use is known as renewable resources ornon-conventional resources. These include solar energy, wind energy, hydro energy,geothermal energy, etc. Some of the features of these resources are:1
They have low energy density, i.e., these energy resources are not concentrated as comparedto the conventional energy resources These are unreliable sources of energy which is intermittent in nature. However, the usage ofstorage elements like batteries can improve the usability value of these sourcesThese types of resources don’t have any impact on the environment as a whole. Hence, theycan be used without any safety concerns for the society although there are some smallconcerns over some of these sources