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Unformatted text preview: TA- Ryan Larsen Type II Diabetes Diabetes Mellitus II, or Type II Diabetes, is a metabolic disorder in humans characterized by insulin-resistance, insulin deficiency, and hyperglycemia. Type II Diabetes differs from Type I Diabetes because the use of insulin to control blood glucose levels is not necessary. With Type II, the cells do not respond to insulin correctly when it is present. The disease is closely related to obesity as about 55% of patients affected by Type II are obese according to the American Diabetes Association. The reason for this is the excess levels of glucose that are present in the blood require a large amount of insulin to balance, thus the cells build a resistance to insulin. Type II Diabetes is much more prevalent worldwide than Type I but it is also easier to treat. When cells in the body build a resistance to insulin, it does not have the desired effect of balancing blood glucose levels. With Type II Diabetes when excess glucose is present in the blood instead of the insulin taking its normal effect, hyperglycemic reactions occur such as glycogenesis, lipolysis, and gluconeogensis as stated by The Human Anatomy & Physiology. Once this happens, the already high levels of glucose in the blood are elevated even higher causing serious health risks. Although there is no "cure" for Type II Diabetes there are ways to control it. Diet and exercise are the main treatments for this disease. With a well-structured diet patients can lower their glucose intake and therefore better control blood glucose levels. Exercise is also important in treating Type II by reducing chemical signaling adipose tissue, which can somewhat restore insulin sensitivity in cells. Works Cited Becker, Gretchen E. The First Year - Type II Diabetes. New York, NY: Marlowe & Company, 2001. 11-24. Marieb, Elaine N., and Katja Hoehn. Human Anatomy and Physiology. 7th ed. Pearson. 633-634. "Type II Diabetes." American Diabetes Association. American Diabetes Association. 3 Oct. 2007 <http://www.diabetes.org/type-2-diabetes.jsp>. ...
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