Ch.1 Notes

Ch.1 Notes - Clark 1 I. Introduction to Fine Arts a. Art is...

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Clark 1 I. Introduction to Fine Arts a. Art is made for a lot of reasons: i. Advertising 1. More recent development ii. Instructional iii. Record ideas or images iv. Supernatural/religious usually involves ceremonial aspects v. Self-expression vi. Social or political comment or protest b. Cave paintings have been dated back to c. 28,000 B.C. (p. 246 in text) i. When a date is preceded by c., it means “circa” or approximately ii. Made for supernatural reasons iii. Ceremonial images iv. Pictures are of animals v. Did not serve as decoration or instruction vi. Were not where people lived vii. Found very deep inside caves and past narrow entrances viii. B.C. before the year 1 (before Christ or negative y ears) ix. A.D. anno domini : years since Christ was born c. Useful abbreviations i. i.e., abbreviation for id est , Latin for “that is” ii. e.g., abbreviation for exempli gratia , Latin for “for example” iii. etc., abbreviation for et cetera , (there is no x), Latin for “and so on” iv. N.B. abbreviated for nota bene , Italian for “note this well” d. Bison
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Clark 2 i. Example of Neolithic art ii. Carved out of a reindeer antler iii. C. 12,000 B.C. e. Woman of willendorf (figure 334) i. Willendorf: name of town of Austria where it was found ii. Example of Paleolithic art iii. C. 25,000-20,000 B.C. iv. Carbon dating doesn’t always work when dating old material v. Assumed that statue is fertility object 1. Strong emphasis on reproductive system: breasts and pelvic triangle 2. No face vi. Small—able to be held in one hand vii. Geologist wrote that type of stone it is made out of has tendency to produce holes 1. Sculptor found stone and carved the statue around hole that is supposed to be bellybutton f. Terms i. Neolithic: new stone age (begins about 10,000 B.C.) ii. Paleolithic: old stone age (begins about 30,000 B.C.) iii. Monolith: a single large stone iv. LITH: stone g. How old is the earliest surviving art? i. 30,000 years old (probably closer to 40,000 years old) ii. The earliest art was probably made to serve the purpose of religion or supernatural h. Dance wand in honor of Eshu – figure 8 i. About 20 inches high ii. Dedicated to a god worshipped by a number of tribes in Africa
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Clark 3 iii. Eshu- popular trickster god; messenger god carrying complaints and questions to the spirit world iv. Made in last 150,200 years in the jungle v. Made out of wood so many did not survive because of fire, weather, animals, etc. vi.
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Ch.1 Notes - Clark 1 I. Introduction to Fine Arts a. Art is...

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