notes for exam 2

notes for exam 2 - Painting part 1, watercolor For each...

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Painting part 1, watercolor For each type of painting, you will be expected to learn the basic ingredients of the paint. All paints have at least two basic ingredients: powdered pigment a binder and all but one type also have: a thinner The first type of paint is watercolor, specifically transparent watercolor, also known as aquarelle. The ingredients are: powdered pigment the binder is gum Arabic, (a type of sap from a tree) the thinner is water. There is another variety of watercolor, an opaque watercolor called gouache (pronounced goo-ahhsh). It has the same ingredients as aquarelle, but adds one more, chalk dust, which makes it opaque. (When the chalk dust REPLACES the powdered pigment, it makes white paint. There is no white paint for transparent watercolor.) Although watercolor paint had been used for some time for book illustrations, the first artist to make complete individual works of art in watercolor was Albrecht Durer, the German artist active at the end of the 15th century and beginning of the 16th century, the same guy who travelled to Italy and brought the ideas of the Renaissance back to Northern Europe with him. Watercolor has advantages including the fact that it is relatively inexpensive (the tubes of paint last a long time, and it is most often painted on paper rather than on canvas or a wooden panel, and paper is cheaper than either of the other surfaces), and it can be cleaned up with water (maybe you'd need a little soap, too). It produces beautiful, clear colors-- the transparent watercolor allows the paper to shine through the color like a stained glass window--and can produce some attractive, spontaneous effects.
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ART 1001 taught by Professor Zucker during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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notes for exam 2 - Painting part 1, watercolor For each...

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