ANT204 - Lecture 11

ANT204 - Lecture 11 - Political Systems Power able to...

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Political Systems Power – able to influence the course of events Coercive power – force people to do what you want Those using coercive power usually have authority (not so in terms of coup d’états where factions rule and people don’t recognize them as deserving) Means of coercion: if we break rules, we might lose freedom/resources etc. Sole coercion was used in colonial times (no authority with natives, no persuasion because of language barriers, pure power) Persuasive power – convince people to do what you want Those using persuasive power generally have authority (people recognize that they should be persuading them. i.e. influence of Martha Stewart) Means of persuasion: charismatic leaders are better at convincing etc. Authority – socially recognized right to exercise power (not all powerful figures use authority) In a classroom environment the instructor uses… Power: Coercion – grades are coercive (resources given/taken away), police force can be called if rules broken Persuasion – persuade students to read books/study etc. Authority: University grants the instructor authority that is recognized by students (as they come into class and await instruction) Kin-based Political Systems Before State rule, kinship was the basis for organization in systems - None were multiethnic, strangers had to marry into group. Power and Authority were derived from access to kin Bands – 20 to 50 people Leader Not formally designated Respected elders, upon European insistence for formality, were made ‘
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ANT 204 taught by Professor Jermyn during the Fall '07 term at University of Toronto.

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ANT204 - Lecture 11 - Political Systems Power able to...

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