Psych+2000+Chapter+12+Development+student

Psych+2000+Chapter+12+Development+student - Human...

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Human Development
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Human Development Developmental Psychology – studies the course and causes of developmental changes over a person’s life. Nature vs. Nurture
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Prenatal Development Zygote - fertilized egg Blastula - hollow ball of 150 cells Two weeks from fallopian tubes to womb
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Stages of Prenatal Stages of Prenatal Development Development Germinal stage zygote fertilization to uterine implantation (first 2wks). Embryonic stage - basic body plan and organs are formed (2wks to 2mths) Fetal stage bones , muscles, and movement (2mths to birth).
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Principles of Growth Cephalocaudal Principle – head to tail development Proximodistal Principle - center outward to extremities
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Prenatal Risks Placenta - intakes nutrients expels wastes Teratogens - harmful environmental agents
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Teratogens Teratogens Thalidomide - morning sickness medicine) - flipper limbs Rubella – ( German measles) during 3rd or 4 th week 50% chance of blindness, etc. Cocaine - behavioral and learning problems Smoking - underweight , respiratory problems, & SIDS
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Teratogens Con’t Teratogens Con’t Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) facial malformation & mental retardation
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Longitudinal Design – same people at least two different ages Cross - Sectional Design – different people of different ages Investigating the Infant
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Investigating the Infant Con’t
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