SU_PHE3050_W5_A2_Purvis_C - COMPARING STATE POLICIES ON...

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COMPARING STATE POLICIES ON SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES1Week 5: Assignment 2Comparing State Policies on Sexually Transmitted DiseasesCarolas PurvisPHE 3050: Public Health PolicySouth University OnlineDr. Margaret CzartDecember 10, 2015Date:
COMPARING STATE POLICIES ON SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES2INTRODUCTIONPolicy analysis about Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) has been approachedcontrarily by different states because some of these states exercise additional procedures inconjunction with the ones practiced overall. Studies have shown that whereas most of the statesinvolve schools to impart Sexually Transmitted Disease Education, most also give localpolicymakers the authority to craft their policies. STDs are so common and has been known tocause high health and economic burden with preventable causes of morbidity, mortality, lostproductivity in populations[Ber09]. According to research, approximately 65 million of individuals living in the United Stateshave been reported to have contracted STDs most of which are incurable viral infectionsincluding HIV. Women are mostly affected by these diseases, especially for pregnant women. Itcan lead to effects such as miscarriages, stillbirths, ectopic pregnancies and can as well lead toinfertility. Louisiana has been identified to have higher rates of STD infections compared to anyother state with women reporting higher infections of gonorrhea and chlamydia than men in thesame state. More men, on the other hand, live with syphilis as compared to the women. The factthat STDs facilitate the transmission of HIV, Louisiana has also been identified to have thehighest rates of HIV infections concerning the latest studies. In response to curb this, there havebeen policies and recommendations developed to help reduce these infection rates. Additionally,there has been the introduction of sex education in schools with abstinence being the majorlystressed. Louisiana sexuality education policy has increasingly emphasized on abstinence thatmajorly takes place at school district level.
COMPARING STATE POLICIES ON SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES3OverviewThe policy requires education on the impediment of transmissible infections, countingHIV infection but not limited to this. Nevertheless, no ratings or degrees are quantified.According to RS 17:279 (1993) needs all public high schools to deliver instruction in parentageeducation; instruction must incorporate indoor living and community relations, the consequencesof inadequate prenatal care, home management, and the duties of parenthood. Additionally, RS17:281 (1993) dictates that states teaching in sex education may be presented only in grades 7-12.The state does not require schools to follow any particular curriculum structure for any of thementioned instructions above strictly, nor does it provide recommendations[Cad14]. Any owngovernment school in Louisiana may offer instruction in sex education and other provisions forsuch instruction as provided by the Ancillary Areas of Instruction in

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