HIST 310 - Test 1 ID's

HIST 310 - Test 1 ID's - Fort Duquesne 1750's A French fort...

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Fort Duquesne – 1750’s – A French fort located around Pittsburgh - 3 rivers converge – Allegheny, Monongahela, merge into the Ohio River. Important strategic location for British and the French. The main means of transportation was water and thus French were there first and controlled the valley. George Washington was asked to sign a letter he couldn’t read, which stated that Washington had killed a French Ambassador, and gave up. Thus started the war between the two countries. This was the beginning battle of the French and Indian War or Seven Years War. Edward Braddock – Commander General of British Forces at the beginning of the French and Indian War that began in the 1750’s. Never had field experience. General Braddock would fight by the rule book mostly and did not take the war serious. Led 2,000 soldiers towards Fort Duquesne to remove the French from control of the valley. Killed in ambush battle by Indians ten miles from the Fort. First battle experience for George Washington to serve under as a Colonel. Braddock’s Defeat – 1750’s Ten Miles from Fort Duquesne, he led 2,000 soldiers to remove the French from control of the valley. Washington warned Braddock to obey the principle of security. Braddock and troops crossed the river twice, and were split up. French attack into the mass of confusion and retreats to a clearing instead of forest, ten miles from the fort. Braddock was killed and his men defeated. Braddock did not obey the principle of mass nor did he take his war effort seriously. A development of disrespect for each other of the American militia and British army. Lexington – April 19, 1775 - About 700 British Army regulars , under Lieutenant Colonel Francis Smith , were ordered to capture and destroy military supplies that were reportedly stored by the Massachusetts militia at Concord. The Patriot colonists had received intelligence weeks before the expedition which warned of an impending British search, and had moved much, but not all, of the supplies to safety. They had also received details about British plans on the night before the battle, and information was rapidly supplied to the militia. The first shots were fired just as the sun was rising at Lexington. The militia was outnumbered and fell back. The outnumbered soldiers of the British Army fell back from the Minutemen after a pitched battle in open territory. More Minutemen arrived soon thereafter and inflicted heavy damage on the British regulars as they marched back towards Boston. Upon returning to Lexington, Smith's expedition was rescued by reinforcements under Hugh, Earl Percy . A combined force of fewer than 1,700 men marched back to Boston under heavy fire in a tactical withdrawal and eventually reached the safety of Charlestown . The British failed to maintain the
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HIST 310 taught by Professor Mcdonough during the Spring '08 term at Tennessee Martin.

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HIST 310 - Test 1 ID's - Fort Duquesne 1750's A French fort...

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