12-Rap - Rap/Hip-Hop Controversy over rap Is it music...

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Rap/Hip-Hop Controversy over rap *Is it music? *Critics have argued that rap is not really “music” *Many rappers don't play instruments or sing *Offensive words *Negative images portrayed in videos Influences *African Music *Cross rhythms, vocal traditions, interlocking parts *Notation for “Fight The Power”- Public Enemy *Blues *Spoken vocal style *Jazz Poetry *1960’s, poets reciting with jazz Early Rap *Mid 1970’s. Youth in clubs and neighborhoods in Brooklyn and The Bronx *Spoken rhymes over drum Machines and DJ spun records. *Artists *Afrika Bambataa *Kool Herc *Grandmaster Flash *Run DMC The emergence of rap (continued) *The first hip-hop DJs *Employed the Jamaican approach to providing sound systems for parties *Parties were often in city parks *MCs (master of ceremonies) commented on the music *Also encouraged partygoers to dance and join in the festivities The emergence of rap (continued) *The first known DJ to use an MC for his activities was Kool Herc *Pulled a truck up to a city power box and played loud music for the whole neighborhood *His MC was Coke La Rock *MCs developed into rappers *Blended the MC role with black radio DJ between-song patter The emergence of rap (continued) *The mix concept *Radio stations and dance clubs used two record turntables: *One for the record being played *The other for the next record to be cued up to play *Early DJs used this approach to transition from one song to the next *Kool Herc *Grandmaster Flash
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The emergence of rap (continued) *Early DJs used this double turntable concept to create a new approach: break spinning *Used two copies of the same record *Played the same passages over and over between the turntables *As the passage ended on one, it would be replayed on the other *Purpose was to incite the dancers to greater excitement *Created new music (in a sense) out of recorded “samples” *This formed the aesthetic basis for rap
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