Ch8-text

Ch8-text - Chapter 8: The Growing Rock Monster 19701975 The...

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Chapter 8: The Growing Rock Monster 1970–1975 The hippie aesthetic * Two important changes occurred in 1970s rock music * Initiated by 1960s pioneers: * Beatles * Beach Boys * Bob Dylan * Rock music shifted from emphasis on the single to the album * Rock shifted from music for dancing to music for listening The hippie aesthetic (continued) * The expansion of rock musical styles was accomplished by incorporating other musical styles * Classical music * Electronic music * Jazz The hippie aesthetic (continued) * Focus on craft and a distinctly artistic approach to music creation can be called “hippie aesthetic” * Emphasis on studio technology * Rock musician has a responsibility to create sophisticated music using whatever means is available * Music should stand up to repeated listening * Lyrics should deal with important issues The hippie aesthetic (continued) * Musical ability is highly valued—fans voted on who is the best in their field: * Best Guitarist * Best Keyboardist * Best Drummer * Best Bassist * Best Vocalist * Typical categories like Best Album and Best New Act The hippie aesthetic (continued)
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* This attitude was common among jazz musicians * Rock musicians now took on the same attitude * The hippie aesthetic unifies many diverse styles through the decade * Yes * Eagles * Allman Brothers Band * Steely Dan * Alice Cooper The hippie aesthetic (continued) * Roots in the Rolling Stones, Yardbirds, and Cream * Rolling Stones introduced the Chicago electric blues to white American teenagers in the 1960s * Muddy Waters * Howlin’ Wolf * Yardbirds came in the wake of the Stones with talented guitarists * Eric Clapton * Jeff Beck * Jimmy Page The hippie aesthetic (continued) * 1970s British bands built on the stylistic foundation established by the Stones, the Yardbirds, and Cream * Deep Purple * Led Zeppelin * Black Sabbath * The Stones became extremely successful by returning to their blues roots with hit 1970s albums a. Sticky Fingers (p1 uk1, 1971) b. Exile on Main Street (p1 uk1, 1971) c. Goat’s Head Soup (p1 uk1, 1973) The hippie aesthetic (continued) * Yardbirds alumni also continued through the 1970s and beyond * Eric Clapton played with Derek and the Dominoes * Went solo and had his first hit with “I Shot the Sheriff” (p1 uk9, 1974) * Jeff Beck fronted several bends that moved toward jazz-fusion approach
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* Jimmy Page formed the New Yardbirds and renamed the band Led Zeppelin The hippie aesthetic (continued) * Focus was put on guitar virtuosity * Jimi Hendrix * Yardbirds guitarists (particularly Clapton) * One of the most successful new British groups in the 1970s * Eight number one albums in the UK * Six number ones in the U.S. * Resisted releasing singles and focused on creating albums
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Ch8-text - Chapter 8: The Growing Rock Monster 19701975 The...

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