Chapter 22 Shadows over the pacific 2014 (1) - CHAPTER 22 SHADOWS OVER THE PACIFIC EAST ASIA UNDER CHALLENGE Focus Questions Why did the Qing dynasty

Chapter 22 Shadows over the pacific 2014 (1) - CHAPTER 22...

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CHAPTER 22 SHADOWS OVER THE PACIFIC: EAST ASIA UNDER CHALLENGE
Focus Questions Why did the Qing dynasty decline and ultimately collapse, and what role did the Western powers play in this process? What political, economic, and social reforms were instituted by the Qing dynasty during its final decades, and why were they not more successful in reversing the decline of Manchu rule?
Identifications McCartney Mission Tao & Zhidong Lin Zexu Youwei Chinese-Japanese war, 1894 Letter to Queen Victoria 100 days of reform Opium War 1839-1842 Boxer Rebellion Treaty of Nanjing, 1842 Open Door Notes Taiping Rebellion Sun-Yat Sen Hong Ziuquan, 1853 Shikai & 1911 Revolution Treaty of Tianjin, 1860 Self Strengthening
The McCartney mission to China, 1793 The Art Archive/Eileen Tweedy
The Qing Empire Shown here is the Qing Empire at the height of its power in the late eighteenth century, together with its shrunken boundaries at the moment of dissolution in 1911.
Decline of the Manchus Internal factors of decline after 1800 Official Corruption Peasant unrest Incompetence at court Rapid population growth – land pressures
Decline of the Manchu External Factors of Decline Western influence Aggressive policies of trade expansion Trade limited to Canton Unfavorable balance of trade for Britain Tea exported to Britain Nothing imported
In this 1900 photograph, women pick tea leaves for shipment abroad on a plantation in Ceylon (Sri Lanka). The British cut down vast stands of tropical forests in Ceylon and India to grow tea to satisfy demand back home. © Getty Images
Triumph of English Imperialism Opium grown in NE India and shipped to China Traditionally grown in Southern China but prohibited for social or general use Indian Opium pushed on the Chinese population illegally by British Merchants
Lin Zexu Appointed to court to curtail Opium trade, 1839 Letter to Queen Victoria (Moral & Practical appeal) Imposed penalties on smokers Arrested dealers Seized supplies from importers Blockade of British factory in Canton used to justify British Naval expedition against China
Queen Victoria longest reign in British history (1837–1901). During this time, the British Empire reached the height of its power, but by the turn of the twentieth century © The Art Archive
The Opium War 1839 -1842 The Art Archive/Eileen Tweedy
Opium War Demonstrated British military strength Will of British East India Co. Treaty of Nanjing, 1842 Opened 5 coastal ports to British trade Limited tariffs on British imports Extraterritorial rights conferred on British Citizens Court paid indemnity to cover costs of war Ceded Hong Kong (“Barren Rock”) to Britain
Opium trade remained unabated until the early 19 th C
The Taiping Rebellion o Hong Ziuquan Led rebellion, 1853 seized Nanjing o Repressed by 1864 25 million people killed over 11 years of rebellion
Western Aggression, 1860 Britain & France took opportunity to

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