027 midterm notes

027 midterm notes - John McCarthy: - What is AI? - He...

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John McCarthy: - What is AI? - He invented the term AI - Making a machine behave in a way that would be called intelligent if a human were behaving in that way Alan Turing: - The Turing Test - A questioner and 2 respondants (one human one machine) - If the questioner cannot tell if they are talking to the human or the computer for 5 mins it passes the test and is considered intelligent - Richard Wallace passed the test with ALICE Isaac Asimov: - Laws of robots: - Law Zero: a robot may not injure humanity - Law One: a robot may not injure a human - Law Two: a robot must obey orders given by human beings - Law Three: A robot must protect itself Karel Capek: - termed the word “robot” and wrote RUR - first used the word robot in a play in London - Czech playwright John Searle: - In favor of weak AI - Chinese room - The idea of an intelligent machine is incoherent - The computer is a tool Henry Dreyfuss Synchronic Society: - nothing has a definitive material state - everything is in a constant state of process of becoming something else
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027 midterm notes - John McCarthy: - What is AI? - He...

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