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film exam 2 notes

film exam 2 notes - Editing to post modernism • Shot –...

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Editing to post modernism Shot – a continuous length of film, regardless of the camera movement or changes in focus it may record. In-camera editing – is often used by home video camera operators today Shooting ratio – the relationship between the length of film shot and that which is used in the finished project. Coverage – ensuring that a number of shots of a particular scene are taken from different angles and distances, in order to show two different characters in a conversation through close ups and over the shoulder shots, for example. Storyboards – lay out each scene shot by shot Takes – a number of filmed versions Post production – during this, the editor begins to assemble the selected takes of a shot into a rough cut Splice – the physical join in a film Work print – the material that the editor works with Locked picture – when all editing decisions have been made in consultation with the filmmaker, the film is said to have this. Cut – the material foundation for film editing Shock cut – juxtaposes 2 images whose dramatic difference aims to create a jarring visual effect Fade outs – gradually darken and make one image disappear while fade ins do the opposite A dissolve – (sometimes called a lap dissolve because two images overlap in the printing process) briefly superimposes on shot over the next, which takes its place; one image fades out as another fades in. Iris out – begins by masking the corners of the frame in black and gradually obscuring the image as if a camera shutter were closing Iris in – opens on a small, usually circular, portion of the frame and gradually expands to reveal the entire image
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Wipes – join two images together by moving a vertical, horizontal, or sometimes diagonal line across one image to replace it with a second image that follows that line across the frame. Crosscutting – an editing pattern which cuts back and forth between actions in separate spaces. Parallel editing – alternating between two or more strands of simultaneous action Montage – the French word for editing that has come to signify a style emphasizing the breaks and contrasts between images joined by a cut. Verisimilitude – literally “having the appearance of truth”, is that quality of fictional representations that allows readers or viewers to accept a constructed world as plausible. Continuity Editing – a system that uses cuts and other transitions to establish verisimilitude and to tell stories efficiently, requiring minimum mental effort on the part of viewers. The basic principle of continuity editing is that each shot has a continuous relationship to the next shot Establishing shot – generally an initial long shot that establishes the setting and orients the viewer in space to a clear view of the action.
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film exam 2 notes - Editing to post modernism • Shot –...

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