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Palestine & Israeli conflicts

Palestine & Israeli conflicts - 1 2 Palestine(Israel...

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1) 2) Palestine (Israel) Zionism a) 6 factors of spiral of violence i) Treaty of San Remo (1920) (1) Including Balfour Declaration and Legitimist IT internationally upsetting Arabs (a) British government (most powerful) (i) Had a strong army (b) Arabs (c) Jewish population (Yishuu) (2) Brits set up civil administration (a) Taken from Egypt, India and Britain (3) Arabs were most divided (a) 2 major families—Husseinis and Nashahibis (i) both ready to work with Great Britain (b) Jewish community was very united and organized (i) Still had internal disputes (c) No government structure set-up for Arabs (i) They boycotted the Brit attempt (d) Mufti of Jerusalem (Husseini) appointed as the head of the Arab religious community by Herbert Samuel ii) 1920 Arab Revolt (1) GB troops brought in (a) Jewish agenc set up, Mufti appointed to ease the issue iii) Incident at the Wailing Wall (Western Wall) 1929 (1) Highly important religious area for both Jews and Muslims (a) Small screen to be put up at the Western Wall=> dozens killed (2) Increased Jewish immigration (a) Escaping European persecution (b) Arabs afraid iv) Arab revolt and General Strike 1936 (1) 1935 Arabs demanded an end to Jewish immigration (a) accuse Jews of arms (b) from Arab Higher committee (Husseini) (i) called for a general strike (2) beginning of guerilla warfare by Arabs (a) led by Al-Qassam (becomes a martyr) (i) based in arts of Haijar (b) shows how serious the escalation became v) Peel Report 1937 (1) Great Britain forms a committee of all sides to come up with a solution (2) Saw the conflict as unreconcilable (a) Aimed at partition into two states (3) Never was implemented vi) 1939 White Paper (1) British worried about Germany and Italy
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(2) Change of British policy (a) Had supported Balfour Declaration (b) Limited Jewish immigration to 25,000 (i) 1/3 Jewish population (ii) appeased Arab population (c) upset Jewish community (i) right—Japotiaski + Begin (Irgun) (ii) left—Ben Gurion (Haganah) b) 1939—1945 WWII i) threat from Germany on N Africa ii) Holocaust in Europe (& widely known until mid-40s) iii) 1944 assassination of Lord Mayne (1) commissioner of Cairo, friend of Churchill (2) ordered by Shamir iv) 194 King David Hotel bombing (1) ordered by Begin (2) 200 killed v) 1947 Doctors killed in Hadassah Hospital (1) done by Arab resistance c) 1948 War i) British announced plan to leave in 1947 (May) (1) Becomes a world problem instead of an internal problem ARAB ISRAELI CONFLICTS 1) 1948 War (1 st war of independence=Jewish, “The Disaster”=Arabs) a) Background and World War II i) Global—first conflict during the Cold War ii) Regional—4 Arab-Israeli Wars (1) Later regional wars iii) National—middle east nationalism growing (1) Traditional nationalists (a) Saudi, Arabia, Kuwait (2) Arab socialists: Egypt under Nasser (3) Westernists: Turkey, Israel, early Iran (4) Islamist states: Iran since 1979 iv) 1947 UN (1) Arab states to oppose Israel (2) Form 2 nd partition plan (a) Opposed by Jews and Arabs (i) Led to 1948 War after announcement of the creation of Israel b) Course of War i) 40 million Arabs v 600,000 Jews (1) Israelis hold their own and by 1949 they had seized all of Palestine except
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