Hitler believed that the reason that the Britain would not submit to Hitler was
because they expected the Soviets to enter the war and help defeat him. Hitler
decides that if there will be peace, he has to take out the Soviet Union.
June 22, 1941—Germany invades the Soviet Union. This invasion took Stalin
completely by surprise. Stalin thought that Hitler was a rational statesman, and
refused to believe the intelligence that Hitler was going to invade. Stalin wasn’t
even that keen about fighting, wanted a diplomatic solution. Germans made
quick progress into Soviet territory, and only met resistance in Leningrad and
—besieged the city for 900 days. The Germans were dead set on
leveling the city. 800,000 civilians died in the first year of the siege.
—Germans think that they are going to take Moscow quickly and
topple the government. As they press harder into Soviet territory, they are less
and less able to take land. Old ally, General Winter, who defeated Napoleon,
would defeat Hitler. When winter came, the German army wasn’t ready to deal
with the harsh conditions and the Soviets push them back.
After Pearl Harbor, there was only sentiment against the Japanese, there was
no sentiment against the Italians and Germans. The Germans and Italians
declaring war on the Americans prompted the Americans to declare war on all
—Germans decide to take the city because there is lots of oil in the
south, and if they take the city that is named after their leader, it would be a
huge blow to the morale of the military. The Soviets were able to mount so
many forces that they enveloped the German army and crushed them. Began
Dec 1942 and ended February 1943. 250,000 attacked the city, 90,000
German soldiers were captured, and in 1955 only 5,000 returned home.
Key players: Germany, Italy, Great Britain, United States
1940--Italy launched the attack in North Eastern Africa against the British.
Specifically because they wanted to take away the Suez Canal from the British.
By December, they launched a counter-attack and successfully defeat the
1941—Germans decide to come to the aid of the Italians. German forces kick