Communism in Cuba and China

Communism in Cuba and China - Communism in China and Cuba...

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Communism in China and Cuba CHINA Background o 1912—Manchu dynasty falls, and civil war breaks out. Ends in mid- 1920s, and the Nationalists come to power. Run by Chiang K’ai-shek —military officer, studied Japanese and Soviet armies. Good relationship with Soviet Union through mid- 1920s. 1927: Nationalists were composed of many different groups, and one group was the Communists . As long as all the different parties supported Chiang K’ai-shek, he didn’t care. But in 1927, he purged the party. Led to the death of about 5,000 people, and many more went into hiding or exile Communists were one of the most heavily purged groups— no more good relations with Soviet Union o Most communists went into hiding in China…the most important was Mao-Ze Dong , The longer Chiang K’ai-shek was in power, the more unpopular he became Very poor—was only interested in developing the cities o Ignored the peasants and the workers (most people) o Wanted to impress foreigners Communists are hiding in the countryside and see this o 1934: Communists decide to come out of hiding and go on the Long March (1934-1935) wanted to rally the people to the cause of communism 90,000 people followed Mao and other communist leaders on a 6000 mile march throughout China mostly through the villages Gave peasants land for them to work on—made the communists really popular Result: everyone has heard of the Communists and gained a very large national following o Mao-Ze Dong Had a really good understanding of the common Chinese people (the peasants and the workers) Was one of the earliest founders of Chinese communism o 1937: WWII breaks out in Asia Nationalists and Communists have a common enemy in the Japanese Never joined up and created a united front, they just stopped fighting each other
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After Japan was defeated, the civil war started again o Cold War Neither the US nor the USSR intervened in China US didn’t think that the Nationalists were devoted to democracy USSR didn’t think that the Communists in China can win Chinese weren’t angry about this, didn’t want to be subjugated to the world powers Not really part of the Cold War o 1949: End of the Civil War The Communists are gaining the upper hand towards the end Chiang K’ai-shek and the government of the Nationalists left China for Taiwan ….and Mao won. Once in Taiwan, Chiang K’ai-shek formed the Nationalist party, and the US provides aid to them Chiang K ai-shek becomes president of Taiwan and it flourishes US support continues until 1979 Formation of Communist China o Mao and the Communists establish the People’s Republic of China (1949) o Nov 1949—Mao decides to visit Stalin. Tries to establish relations.
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