World War II

World War II - World War II*World War II begins and ends in Asia Japan Last time it was rising as an imperial power by the end of WWI it was

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World War II **World War II begins and ends in Asia** Japan Last time it was rising as an imperial power, by the end of WWI it was recognized by others as a great power; joined the League of Nations; was signing a lot of different treaties; Washington Naval Conferences 1921-1922 League of Nations —brain child of Woodrow Wilson, created by the Allied powers (mostly Britain and France as the US never joined); wanted to prevent another war like WWI—use diplomacy; fails miserably (duhh there was a WWII) Washington Naval Conferences (1921-1922)— British, Americans, Japanese (three strongest naval powers in the world); US and Britain were the strongest and feared a stronger Japanese navy; wanted to limit (control) the growth of the Japanese navy. They created the 5-5-3 ratio -for every 5 ships the Americans had, the British could have five and the Japanese could have three. Expected a fight, but the Japanese just automatically accepted it (reason: the Japanese was no where near the 5-5-3 ratio, the British and Americans had just green-lighted its expansion) Kellogg Brian Pact 1928 —attempted to eliminate war as a national policy. 50+ countries, including Japan. Really unenforceable goal. Japan was dabbling in democracy in the 1920s. Meiji Restoration said that eventually they would try it, and by the 1920s, they thought they were ready. Prime Minister Yuko Hamaguchi —biggest spear-header of the democratic reforms; became prime minister in 1929; wanted peaceful relations with the west (and actually meant it); unfortunately, his policies were really unpopular—exacerbated by the Great Depression—they couldn’t combat the Depression; tried to curb the power of the growing Japanese military (they didn’t like that), eventually led to his death in 1930. When Hamaguchi died, more militant people came to power, and the civilians had no real say in what was going on anymore—more military officers advising the emperor on foreign policy; The military would not abide by any of the treaties that were signed; were interested in the fascist states of Italy and Germany. Democracy in the 1920s, and Military ethos in the 1930s. Military minded people thought that the best way to ease the Depression was to expand the military. Led to the Greater East Asia Co- Prosperity Sphere —the economic expansion of Japan in the 1930s. Literally this is a form of imperialism (basically took over colonies of other powers) Started in 1930 and would go until 1945. Launched their expansion into Manchuria. Wanted access to all the mineral resources. Staged the Mukden Incident (September 1931) —the Japanese army staged an explosion on a railway bridge in Mukden; blamed the Chinese for it. Used this explosion for an expansion and conquered it. Set up a puppet state. China was not happy about this, and appealed to the US for help with dealing with the Japanese. In response, the US and the League of Nations didn’t really do
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course WOH 1030 taught by Professor Carney during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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World War II - World War II*World War II begins and ends in Asia Japan Last time it was rising as an imperial power by the end of WWI it was

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