Enzyme_Lab_Report

Enzyme_Lab_Report - Enzyme Lab Report Name: Nirav Patel...

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Enzyme Lab Report Name: Nirav Patel Date: October 31, 2007 Lab Partners: Linda Nsiah, Genevieve Timpone
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Introduction: Biological cells are constantly going through chemical transformations that occur at a rapid rate only because of the presence of enzymes. Enzymes are catalysts that are made of organic materials; these catalysts are unique in that they speed up chemical reactions without actually being consumed by the reactions. “Many enzymes function by lowering the activation energy of reactions” (Farabee). Many of the catalysts can be classified as proteins and often have a distinct structure that offers an insight to its function. The location at which the transformation occurs is referred to as an active site and the substance that the enzyme changes is referred to as a substrate. The substrate under normal conditions fits directly into the active site which lets the enzyme know that everything is ready for the transformation to occur. After the transformation occurs, enzymes can return to their normal state, making them very versatile and reusable. “Amylase is one of the predominant enzymes found in germinating seeds” (Fox 55). The amylase, which catalyzes the degradation of starch to maltose, has to have glucose as an
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Enzyme_Lab_Report - Enzyme Lab Report Name: Nirav Patel...

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