Chapter 14 - Chapter 14 o o o o Organizational theory...

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o Organizational theory: predicts how groups of people will behave in varying organizational structures and circumstances o Classical Organizational Theory o Popular in 1700 Great Britain with building of factories o 4 basic tenets o 1. Economic reasons, productivity o 2. Best way to do it o 3. Specialized division of labor o 4. Act in accordance with rational economic principles o Organizations should work like machines o This lead to two theories o 1. Scientific management o Fredrick Taylor o Organization as a machine and needs to run most effectively o Conducted studies to find which way was best o 4 main principles o 1. Management gather data from workers who are in best position to understand job o 2. Workers selected “scientifically” and trained to work better than ever before o 3. Scientific selection, data collection and training combined to enhance effieciny (science and nature not naturally paired) o 4. Work itself is distributed with managnemtn taking over tasks previously left to subordinates o Taylor showed theory in shovel experiment, finding that 20.5 pounds was most
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYCH, POL 266a taught by Professor Minda during the Spring '08 term at UWO.

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Chapter 14 - Chapter 14 o o o o Organizational theory...

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